Online counselling / therapy is professional counselling over the Internet. Sometimes Clients use online counselling along with traditional therapy, but a lot more are using it as a complete alternative. Benefits of online counselling include: easier for people who live in rural or remote areas; accessible for anyone with physical and psychological limitations; convenient; and affordable.
Video call (webcam) counselling is just like face-to-face, instead you talk online over a video link. This means you do not have to visit an office, and if say you are engaged in couples counselling your partner can also be in another location at the same time. What is required is a computer, laptop or device with a webcam, download necessary software, and internet connection.
Email counselling takes the form of a series of exchanges between Counsellor and Client. You can express your thoughts, feelings, problems and concerns, and then it will be read and responded to. Since you can not express body language and facial expressions, like with face-to-face or video call, email counselling is not really suitable for any complex mental health issues. However, many people feel more confident using this method, as a possible step up to face-to-face in the future. It can be a mixture of real-time, and fixed number of emails over a negotiated time frame. Requirements are a suitable device, appropriate email account, and connection to the internet.
Counselling by text (SMS) involves sending text messages concerning the problems and issues you are facing....both in real-time and over a set time period. This is a very easy and convenient method, however it is not one of the best...and if you do not have a network bundle like unlimited texts then it will cost more. Otherwise, all you need is a phone and number.
Telephone counselling is like face-to-face, in real-time, only that you can not see each other. It is convenient, and the only cost is your normal phone and line (network) seeing as you will be called at the beginning of a session...so you do not pay for the call. Most certainly, it can be the step before face-to-face in the future. All you need is your phone, and connection.
Group therapy provides treatment in a format where there is a therapist and between six and twelve participants. It is usually recommended if this format is better suited than individual, or that it is a particular element of another therapy being undertaken. People in the group not only improve by the interactions of the therapist, but also from observing the others and receiving their feedback.
Person-centred therapy is a humanistic approach that deals with the ways in which individuals perceive themselves rather than how a Counsellor can interpret their thoughts or ideas.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave.
Integrative therapy is a combined approach to psychotherapy that brings together different elements of specific therapies. Integrative therapists take the view that there is no single approach that can treat each client in all situations.
Gestalt therapy is a form of psychotherapy that emphasizes personal responsibility, and that focuses on the individual's experience in the present moment, the Therapist / Client relationship, the environmental and social contexts of a person's life, and the self-regulating adjuments people make as a result of their overall situation.
Mindfulness is technique which can help people manage their mental health or simply gain more enjoyment from life. It involves making a special effort to give your full attention to what is happening in the present moment – to what's happening in your body, your mind or your surroundings, for example – in a non-judgemental way. Mindfulness describes a way of approaching our thoughts and feelings so that we become more aware of them and react differently to them.
Interpersonal therapy (IPT) is a structured therapy. A central idea in IPT is that psychological symptoms, such as a depressed mood, can be understood as a response to current difficulties in our everyday interactions with others. In turn, the depressed mood can also affect the quality of these interactions. When a person is able to interact more effectively with others, their psychological symptoms often improve.
Open talk therapy is where the session is Client led. It is conducted in an environment that is comfortable to the Client, and is more like a chat but with some structure to ensure it is productive. Plus, it can involve more than one person if that is what is chosen.